Ubuntu on a Windows host: Alternative to VirtualBox and VMWare

Wubi is a cool alternative to VMPlayer and VirtualBox to run Ubuntu “almost” natively on your Windows system. It gives you a dual boot machine without partitioning your filesystem.

How to do it
• Install Wubi
• Plave your Ubuntu ISO in the _same_ place where your Wubi binaries are
• Install Ubuntu from Wubi installer

Now, after Ubuntu installation, and reboot, you will see a dual boot option of Windows and Ubuntu. Ubuntu runs on bare hardware except the disk accesses.

How it works
Wubi is based on loopback devices in Linux. A looback device exports a file as a device. You can mount this “file” and craete a file-system on it.
Wubi creates a file in your Windows NTFS file system (“root.disk”) which is exported as a loopback device in Ubuntu. This file is formatted to a file-system and used by Ubuntu.

In my Ubuntu system:

kanaujia@ubuntu:/tmp$ sudo mount
[sudo] password for kanaujia: 
/dev/loop0 on / type ext4 (rw,errors=remount-ro)

kanaujia@ubuntu:/tmp$ sudo losetup -a
/dev/loop0: [0801]:115068 (/host/ubuntu/disks/root.disk)

kanaujia@ubuntu:/tmp$ cat !$
cat /etc/fstab
# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
# Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
# device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
# that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
# <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump>  <pass>
proc            /proc           proc    nodev,noexec,nosuid 0       0
/host/ubuntu/disks/root.disk /               ext4    loop,errors=remount-ro 0       1
/host/ubuntu/disks/swap.disk none            swap    loop,sw         0       0

That’s it! it is a simple concept used beautifully. I think if this setup has negative performance impact? I will find that out too later.

Anyway for fun, I experimented creating my own file-system with loop-back device:

Create a file with random data
kanaujia@ubuntu:/tmp$ dd if=/dev/urandom of=/home/kanaujia/Desktop/myfs bs=1M count=10
10+0 records in
10+0 records out
10485760 bytes (10 MB) copied, 1.16245 s, 9.0 MB/s

Create a mount point
kanaujia@ubuntu:/tmp$ sudo mkdir /mnt/myfs

Update /etc/fstab
kanaujia@ubuntu:/tmp$ sudo vi /etc/fstab

Setup the loopback device
kanaujia@ubuntu:/tmp$ sudo losetup /dev/loop1 /home/kanaujia/Desktop/myfs

Format the device as a file-system
kanaujia@ubuntu:/tmp$ mkfs.ext3 -c /dev/loop1
mke2fs 1.42 (29-Nov-2011)
mkfs.ext3: Permission denied while trying to determine filesystem size
kanaujia@ubuntu:/tmp$ sudo mkfs.ext3 -c /dev/loop1
mke2fs 1.42 (29-Nov-2011)
Discarding device blocks: done                            
Filesystem label=
OS type: Linux
Block size=1024 (log=0)
Fragment size=1024 (log=0)
Stride=0 blocks, Stripe width=0 blocks
2560 inodes, 10240 blocks
512 blocks (5.00%) reserved for the super user
First data block=1
Maximum filesystem blocks=10485760
2 block groups
8192 blocks per group, 8192 fragments per group
1280 inodes per group
Superblock backups stored on blocks: 

Checking for bad blocks (read-only test): done                                                 
Allocating group tables: done                            
Writing inode tables: done                            
Creating journal (1024 blocks): done
Writing superblocks and filesystem accounting information: done

kanaujia@ubuntu:/tmp$ sudo mount /dev/loop1
kanaujia@ubuntu:/tmp$ mount
/dev/loop0 on / type ext4 (rw,errors=remount-ro)
proc on /proc type proc (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev)
sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev)
none on /sys/fs/fuse/connections type fusectl (rw)
none on /sys/kernel/debug type debugfs (rw)
none on /sys/kernel/security type securityfs (rw)
udev on /dev type devtmpfs (rw,mode=0755)
devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,noexec,nosuid,gid=5,mode=0620)
tmpfs on /run type tmpfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,size=10%,mode=0755)
none on /run/lock type tmpfs (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev,size=5242880)
none on /run/shm type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev)
/dev/sda1 on /host type fuseblk (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,user_id=0,group_id=0,allow_other,blksize=4096)
gvfs-fuse-daemon on /home/kanaujia/.gvfs type fuse.gvfs-fuse-daemon (rw,nosuid,nodev,user=kanaujia)
/dev/loop1 on /mnt/myfs type ext3 (rw,noexec,nosuid,nodev)

kanaujia@ubuntu:/tmp$ cd /mnt/
kanaujia@ubuntu:/mnt$ ls

kanaujia@ubuntu:/mnt$ cd myfs/

kanaujia@ubuntu:/mnt/myfs$ ls

kanaujia@ubuntu:/mnt/myfs$ ll
total 17
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root  1024 Jul 11 13:32 ./
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root  4096 Jul 11 13:30 ../
drwx------ 2 root root 12288 Jul 11 13:32 lost+found/

kanaujia@ubuntu:/mnt/myfs$ sudo touch hh
kanaujia@ubuntu:/mnt/myfs$ ls
hh  lost+found
kanaujia@ubuntu:/mnt/myfs$ ll
total 17
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root  1024 Jul 11 13:34 ./
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root  4096 Jul 11 13:30 ../
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root     0 Jul 11 13:34 hh
drwx------ 2 root root 12288 Jul 11 13:32 lost+found/

Loopback Devices in Linux

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